The largest online casinos in the world

Currently, there are several gambling zones and online casinos in the world, particularly in the United States, Macau and Singapore.

One of the most popular in the world and the leading gambling center in the U.S. is Las Vegas (Nevada). Nearly 40 million tourists visit the city every year.

In 1931 all gambling was officially allowed in Nevada while it remained illegal in most other states. In 1941 the city opened its first casino, El Rancho Vegas. Every year the number of casinos grew steadily, and now there are more than 120 casinos in the city, the total number of licensed gaming establishments exceeds 1700, the number of slot machines - more than 200 thousand. In 2013 the profit of all gambling establishments in Las Vegas was $6.5 billion. The most famous casinos are considered Wynn Las Vegas, Flamingo, Planet Hollywood, Venetian, Bellagio, Luxor, Stratosphere, Circus Circus, etc.

One of the most famous casino scams in Las Vegas is the use of an advanced card-counting system (developed in 1962 by mathematics professor Edward Thorpe). Using it in the 1990s, a team of American students known as the MIT Team, exchanging coded words and signs, won more than $10 million in a few years.

The biggest heist of any Las Vegas casino took place in 1993, when thieves stole a truck parked near the Circus Circus Casino carrying about $3 million.

The biggest jackpot ever - $40 million - was won in March 2003 by an American computer programmer (choose not to disclose his name) at the Excalibur casino in Las Vegas.

In Las Vegas, such famous Hollywood movies as "Viva Las Vegas", "Ocean's Eleven", "The Godfather", "Rain Man" and others were shot.

Another major gambling zone is located in Macau. Gambling in this territory, which once belonged to Portugal, was allowed since 1847. The active development of gambling began in 1962, when the syndicate Sociedade de Turismo e Diverses de Macau (STDM) was granted monopoly rights to conduct all types of gambling. Since the transfer of sovereignty over Macau to the PRC in 1999, gambling policy has not changed.

In 2002, the Sociedade de Turismo e Diverses de Macau monopoly expired. The Sociedade de Jogos de Macau (a subsidiary of the STDM), as well as the world's major companies in this area: Wynn Resorts, Las Vegas Sands, Galaxy Entertainment Group, MGM Mirage got the right to operate in the gambling industry.

Macau is the only place in China where you can gamble legally. There are 33 casinos with more than 4,000 machines and 850 gaming tables. The most famous are the Galaxy, Grand Lisboa and The Venetian casinos. Gambling business brings Macau more than 70% of all revenues, which in 2013 amounted to $45 billion. About 30 million tourists from around the world visit Macau casinos every year.

In 2011, fraudsters from Macau managed to pull off a $24 million scam playing baccarat (a card game in which players try to score as many points as possible using two or three cards). They replaced ordinary shuffles (a device for shuffling cards) with special ones equipped with cameras, sensors and mirrors, which were accidentally discovered during an inspection of the casino equipment. As a result, seven people were arrested.

Currently, the third largest gambling zone after Macau and Las Vegas is considered to be Singapore. 40-year ban on gambling was lifted here in 2005, legally operate only two casinos. They were opened only in 2010, their yield in 2013 exceeded $6 billion. In the first built in Singapore gaming complex Resorts World Sentosa on Sentosa Island, in addition to casinos, located 10 restaurants, six hotels, a shopping center, a theme park Universal Studios, Marine Life Park with the largest oceanarium in the world and other entertainment facilities.

The second complex - Marina Bay Sands - is a three 55-storey towers with a huge outdoor pool on their roofs, and includes more than 2.5 thousand rooms for recreation, seven restaurants, an exhibition center, a museum, two cinemas, two ice rinks and shopping areas.

A well-known scam was carried out at Resorts World Sentosa by a croupier and his two accomplices, who stole $100,000 from the casino. The croupier overpaid his accomplices $100 each time they exchanged their chips (chips) of $500 and $1,000 for chips of smaller denominations. In 2011, the court sentenced the croupier to two years in prison and the accomplices to 21 months each.


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