According to WHO statistics, “an estimated 1.4 million women with HIV become pregnant worldwide every year, the WHO reported, and if they’re untreated, they have a 15% to 45% chance of transmitting the virus during pregnancy, labor, delivery or breastfeeding. But when antiretroviral medicines are given to mothers and children, the risk drops to slightly more than 1%.”
Although this advancement may make history, it isn’t full proof. This is because it was documented that two babies were born with HIV and five were born with congenital syphilis in Cuba this year. The term “eliminate” is used loosely to describe a “reduction of transmission to a level that it no longer constitutes a public health problem.” In order to completely eliminate this transmission WHO says they need more help worldwide.
The organization’s efforts were geared towards preventive treatment for mother and child. It includes prenatal care, HIV and syphilis testing for pregnant women and their partners, treatment for women who test positive and their babies, cesarean deliveries and breastfeeding substitution. There are also maternal and child health programs created for HIV and sexually transmitted infection programs.
Fortunately, HIV births have been dropped by almost half globally. As of 2013 the number of children born with HIV dropped from 400,000 in 2009 to 240,000. WHO hopes to dropped that number to about 40,000 worldwide for 2015.
Sources Sited: CNN
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